Separatists - not done

History of the first 13 Colonies and how they became the United States

The colonization of America and the fascinating events that led colonists and patriots down the Road to Revolution

Puritan Colonists

Embarkation of the Pilgrims, who were Separatists

This article on the Separatists describes the differences between their beliefs and their religion

  • Definition of a Separatists
  • Was a Separatists?
  • Definition and explanation of the Separatists
  • The relationship of the Separatists with the Native American Indians
Religious Beliefs & Religions
American Colonies Index

Separatists
Separatists were the names given to members of a church congregation and to describe their beliefs and religions. Refer to
Religion in the Colonies

Was a Pilgrim a Puritan?
Was a Pilgrim a Puritan? Good Question! The Separatists were extremely similar in most practices and beliefs. A pilgrim was a distinct type of Puritan. A Pilgrim adhered to more extreme views than a Puritan. The Pilgrim and the Puritan were both strongly opposed to the Catholic Church. Both the Pilgrim and the Puritan colonists believed that the Church of England, the Anglican church, should make more reforms to get rid of all traces of the Roman Catholic Church. But but the Pilgrim was a member of a distinct group of puritans who were not only against the Anglican church but also called for total separation from the church, a dangerous religious belief in England.

Separatists - Religious Freedom
Both the Pilgrim and the Puritan wanted religious freedom. The Pilgrim Fathers left England for America in 1620 looking for religious freedom. In 1630 another religious group left England in search of religious freedom. This group was called the Puritans.

 


Separatists

Map of the Plymouth Colony  

   Map of the Plymouth Settlement

 

Separatists - Strictness & Austerity in Religion
The Separatists practised strictness and austerity in their religion, lifestyle and conduct. A Separatists was strongly opposed to sensual pleasures and strong advocates of propriety, modesty and and decorum.

Separatists - Dissenters
Dissenters were people objected to the accepted doctrine of the established church. The Separatists men and women  who migrated to America were dissenters from the Church of England who wanted to create a new church in the colonies. The Pilgrim and the Puritan were both looking for religious freedom. The opportunity to worship, in the way they wanted, without fear of persecution. The Pilgrim and the Puritan intolerate any other religions. The Pilgrim and the Puritan were dissenters.

Separatists - The Puritan
The Puritans wanted to leave the Church of England to become pure by getting rid of Catholic practices. The Puritan wanted to "purify" the Church of England of its remaining Catholic influence and rituals and to return to the simple faith of the New Testament. The Puritans did not want to separate entirely from the Church of England. The Puritan wanted to make reforms or changes.

Separatists - The Pilgrim
The Pilgrim believed that the Church of England was too corrupt to ever be purified, and that Puritans should completely separate from it. These people were called separatists. The group of separatists, who would became know as the Pilgrim Fathers, left their country and the Church and England behind them (after being imprisoned for their beliefs) and moved to the Netherlands (Holland) to escape religious prosecution. Their leader was William Brewster who published a number of religious pamphlets while in Leyden which were directly critical of King James I of England and opposed the main principles of the Church of England. Authorities in England go to the Netherlands to arrest Brewster but he escapes arrest. The group read a book by John Smith who had established the first colony at Jamestown in Virginia. The book was called "A Description of New England" and it inspired the extreme Puritan members of the group to undertake a perilous sea voyage to set up a colony in the New World, Plymouth. These people were the Pilgrims.

Separatists - Catholics and Protestants
It is helpful to understand the differences between the Catholic and Protestant religions to fully understand the beliefs of the Pilgrim and the Puritan. England had broken away from the Catholic Church during the reign of King Henry VIII to form the Protestant Church of England. 

  

Colonial America - The Land of the Brave

 

Pilgrims in Colonial America

Separatists

Separatists - Separatists
The Plymouth Colony was founded by a group of people referred to as separatists, who later came to be known as the "Pilgrim Fathers" or more commonly as Pilgrims. The Pilgrim was a member of a church congregation of religious separatists.

Separatists - Separatists
The Separatists, or Pilgrims, were part of a church congregation of religious separatists led by pastor John Robinson, church elder William Brewster and William Bradford. Separatists were a group of Puritans who advocated total withdrawal from the Church of England. The Separatists wanted the freedom to worship independently from English authority. Their quest for religious freedom took the Pilgrim Fathers to Colonial America where they had set their sights on New England which they had read about in a book called 'A Description of New England'. The author of the book was John Smith, famous for founding the first colony in Jamestown.

 

 

 

 

Separatists - Catholics and Protestants
It is helpful to understand the differences between the Catholic and Protestant religions to fully understand the beliefs of the Pilgrim and the Puritan. England had broken away from the Catholic Church during the reign of King Henry VIII to form the Protestant Church of England. 

 

Separatists

  • Interesting Facts and information about Separatists
  • Separatists history timeline
  • Fast Facts and info about the Separatists timeline
  • Separatists is great history timeline resource for kids
  • Social Studies Homework help for kids on the Separatists

Colonial America - The Land of the Brave

 

Separatists - Colonial America - Facts - Religion - Religious Freedom - Puritanism - John Calvin - Colonists - England - English - Colony - Colonies - History US - Summary - Definition - History - Interesting - Information - Info - Short - Kids - Children - Studies - US - United States - America - USA - Social Studies Teaching resource - Social Studies - History - Teachers - Kids - Dates - Religious Differences - Colonial America - Written By Linda Alchin