Separatists - Strictness & Austerity in Religion
The Separatists practised strictness and austerity in their religion, lifestyle and conduct. A Separatists was strongly opposed to sensual pleasures and strong advocates of propriety, modesty and and decorum.
Separatists - Dissenters
Dissenters were people objected to the accepted doctrine of the established church. The Separatists men and women who migrated to America were dissenters from the Church of England who wanted to create a new church in the colonies. The Pilgrim and the Puritan were both looking for religious freedom. The opportunity to worship, in the way they wanted, without fear of persecution. The Pilgrim and the Puritan intolerate any other religions. The Pilgrim and the Puritan were dissenters.
Separatists - The Puritan
The Puritans wanted to leave the Church of England to become pure by getting rid of Catholic practices. The Puritan wanted to "purify" the Church of England of its remaining Catholic influence and rituals and to return to the simple faith of the New Testament. The Puritans did not want to separate entirely from the Church of England. The Puritan wanted to make reforms or changes.
Separatists - The Pilgrim
The Pilgrim believed that the Church of England was too corrupt to ever be purified, and that Puritans should completely separate from it. These people were called separatists. The group of separatists, who would became know as the Pilgrim Fathers, left their country and the Church and England behind them (after being imprisoned for their beliefs) and moved to the Netherlands (Holland) to escape religious prosecution. Their leader was William Brewster who published a number of religious pamphlets while in Leyden which were directly critical of King James I of England and opposed the main principles of the Church of England. Authorities in England go to the Netherlands to arrest Brewster but he escapes arrest. The group read a book by John Smith who had established the first colony at Jamestown in Virginia. The book was called "A Description of New England" and it inspired the extreme Puritan members of the group to undertake a perilous sea voyage to set up a colony in the New World, Plymouth. These people were the Pilgrims.
Separatists - Catholics and Protestants
It is helpful to understand the differences between the Catholic and Protestant religions to fully understand the beliefs of the Pilgrim and the Puritan. England had broken away from the Catholic Church during the reign of King Henry VIII to form the Protestant Church of England.